Many organizations and groups have defined and described information literacy in a variety of ways. Here are some of the most well known and most relevant at Harper
From the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) Framework for Information Literacy in Higher Education. This is the model for information literacy used by most academic libraries and the basis for most information literacy instruction at academic libraries in the United States.
Information literacy is the set of integrated abilities encompassing the reflective discovery of information, the understanding of how information is produced and valued, and the use of information in creating new knowledge and participating ethically in communities of learning.
ACRL also offers information for classroom faculty in their Introduction for Faculty and Administrators.
UNESCO defines information literacy with the following:
Information literacy enables people to interpret and make informed judgments as users of information sources, as well as to become producers of information in their own right. Information literate people are able to access information about their health, their environment, their education and work, empowering them to make critical decisions about their lives
Metaliteracy is a concept coined by Mackey and Jacobson in their 2011 article "Reframing Information Literacy as Metaliteracy," and many see it as a broader way to conceptualize information literacy in relation to today's ever-evolving technology (p. 62):
Metaliteracy promotes critical thinking and collaboration in a digital age, providing a comprehensive framework to effectively participate in social media and online communities. It is a unified construct that supports the acquisition, production, and sharing of knowledge in collaborative online communities. Metaliteracy challenges traditional skills-based approaches to information literacy by recognizing related literacy types and incorporating emerging technologies. Standard definitions of information literacy are insufficient for the revolutionary social technologies currently prevalent online.